Baba Kina Ramji

Baba Kalu Ramji, Baba Kina Ramji, Baba Bijia Ramji, Baba Ram Jivan Ramji


Baba Kina Ramji was born around 1600 in the village of Ramgarh, Chandauli, Varanasi, in a noble but poor kshatriya family. Mansa Devi, his mother, had reached the middle age without having children when one night she had a premonitory dream and soon she gave birth to her first baby. Shortly after the unexpected birth three sadhus went to the house of Akbar Singh, his father, to congratulate him on the happy event. The oldest one picked up the child and whispered some Mantras in his ears, giving him a special blessing.


Following the astrological signs predicting the child long life and greatness if he had been symbolically assigned to another family, he was given to a neighbour who sold him back to his parents for a little amount of gold. That is the reason why he was named Kina. His real name was Rashi, one of the names of Shiva in the Vaishnava texts.


As a child he already showed signs of a higher soul. In that period, especially in the country, families used to make marriage pacts when the children were still very young. When he was twelve, his parents, already old, thought of arranging his marriage quickly. But just one day before the marriage, the child asked  for rice and milk for food, a meal usually related to tragic events. His parents were shocked by such an inauspicious request and they tried to dissuade him but in vain. The next morning news came that the girl  he was to marry had died suddenly. After some years Baba Kina Ramji’s parents died as well and He left the paternal house to follow his personal search. The first place he stopped  was the ashram of Baba Shiva Dasji, a Vishnuite who had a very good reputation. Soon this Master realized that the young boy had something special, and thought that he might be an Avatar (a divine incarnation). He decided to initiate the boy and so one day he asked him to go to the river, ordering him to carry the ceremonial instruments. When they reached the bank, on the pretext of relieving himself, Shiva Dasji went into the bushes and crouched down, secretly observing his disciple. Greatly astonished, he saw that the Ganges was swelling and was getting near to lap at the feet of Kina Ramji. Shiva Dasji understood that the boy was a great soul.


After some time the Master was left a widower and he decided to marry again but Kina Ramji did not like this and said to his Guru: “Maharaji, if you take a new wife, I will look for another Master.” Shiva Dasji, irritated, prompted him to do what he was saying. The young Baba, after leaving the ashram, got back on his journey and reached a village where a widow in tears went to him saying that her young and only one son had been reduced to slavery to pay an old debt. Baba went to the zamindhar who held the boy in bondage and asked him to release the boy. But the zamindhar refused, insisting that his debt be paid first. Kina Ramji asked the coarse person to dig under his feet. To his great surprise a little treasure appeared, more than enough to pay off the debt. The boy was freed and the zamindhar threw himself at the feet of Kina Ramji, imploring for forgiveness.


The mother said that He had freed the boy and so now He was his father and the boy would follow Him gratefully. That way Vija, such was his name, became the first disciple of Baba Kina Ramji and was renamed Bija Ramji. Going on with their search they arrived at mount Girnar where Baba undertook a long sadhana, receiving darshan (face to face contact) of Shri Dattatreya and Baba Kalu Ramji. These Masters, in spiritual form, initiated him to the Aghor practises and gave him several perfections (Siddhis). Later on, Baba wrote that Dattatreya was a Siddheshwar and a combination of Shiva-Shakti. Shri Dattatreya is the essence of the trinity Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva of whom he has all the attributes.


Baba Kina Ramji

Going down to Junagarh, at the feet of the mount Girnar, they camped outside the town and Baba, before retiring into meditation, sent the disciple into the city for begging. The Nawab (muslim governor) of the city had issued the order to arrest all the beggars and the sadhus and so the young boy was imprisoned. Not seeing him come back, Kina Ramji used his powers to see what had happened to Bija Ramji. He went to the city and got himself arrested too. Hundreds of sadhus and beggars, in miserable condition, were forced to hard labour.  Baba Kina Ramji was also sent to handle heavy millstones. When he was taken with the other forced prisoners to where the millstones were, He hit them with his stick and they started moving by themselves. The fact was reported to the Nawab who immediately ran to the prison and invited Baba at the palace, paying his respects and offering precious gifts. Baba took some precious stones among the gifts and after putting them in his mouth, he spat them out claiming that they didn’t have any taste. The governor asked  what he could do for Him. Baba told him to cancel the order arresting all beggars and sadhus and to give every day a measure of flour to them in His name. The Nawab obeyed Baba’s request and he was blessed with the birth of a son, for whom he had been waiting for a long time. The tradition of distributing food to the sadhus survived in Junagarh till modern time.


The two sadhus kept going through Kutch marshes (present-day Pakistan) and reached Hinglaj Devi’s shaktipeeth, where they stopped. Baba Kina Ramji started his penance in honour of the Goddess and soon a woman started to bring very good food to Him. Baba Kina Ramji asked the woman to introduce herself. Seeing her hesitating, he added that he would take no more food without knowing who she was. The woman manifested herself in her real form of Hinglaji Ma and invited the saint to go to Krim Kund in Kashi (Varanasi) in the future. Later on they retired on Himalaya for other practices. Then, accepting the invitation of Hinglaji Devi, they went to Kashi. When they arrived at the crematory ground of Harischandra Ghat, Kina Ramji saw an Aghor, Baba Kalu Ramji, in the midst of some skulls. Baba Kina Ramji recognized in that body the spiritual entity who had initiated him on the Girnar with Shri Dattatreya. Kalu Ramji said that he was hungry and Kina Ramji prayed to the Ganges. Immediately, some fishes jumped out of the river and ended straight up to roast on a near by funeral pyre. The Ganges was in flood and Kalu Ramji pointed to a floating body saying that it was a dead man. Kina Ramji replied that the body was not dead at all and called him on the river bank. Unrolling the body from the shrouds, a living being came out and became a disciple of Baba Kina Ramji. He was given the name of Ram Jivan Ram. Together, they set off for Krin Kund, where Kalu Ramji was living. Baba Kalu Ramji and Baba Kina Ramji  established the eternal Dhuni (fire), kept continuously burning till today.


He also came back to his native village, Ramgarh, where he was honoured with great ceremony and where he dug a well with curative properties. Drawing the water from one of the four cardinal directions you can get different therapeutic qualities. Even Krin Kund has exceptional powers, kids and women can be cured from many diseases bathing in it on particular dates. On another occasion, while He was in Surat, he heard that a small crowd was gathering to lynch a widow who gave birth to an illegitimate child. Baba reached the place and after asking the reason for the turmoil, He suggested that they must find the father too and that he should be tied tightly to the widow and to her child and that they had to throw them all together in the sea. He added that if they wanted He could reveal the name of the father since he was among those present. The crowd immediately dispersed; probably many had abused the defenceless widow.


Many miracles and wonders are attributed to Baba Kina Ramji, told in his biographies and kept in popular stories. His huge fame attracted the curiosity and the interest of the powerful people of that period, from Shah Jahan, the builder of the Taj Mahal to the cruel Aurangzeb and the king of Benares, Chait Singh. His life was very long and when the time of leaving the body came he called his disciples and devotees giving them the instructions for his burial. He asked for hookka (water pipe) and then a rumble like that of an earthquake accompanied the appearance of a celestial light. A ray of light came out of Baba’s head and rose up in the sky with extraordinary speed, disappearing among the clouds accompanied by harmonious musical notes.


Baba Kina Ramji is regarded as an Aghoreshwar and one of the most important saints of Benares. His fame and his memory are still vibrant and vivid both among the spiritual searchers and the population. Many were the writings of Baba but only five survived: Viveksar, Unmuniram, Ramgita, Ramrasal and Gitavali. In memory of his first Master, Shiva Dasji, he established four Vaishnava ashrams in Nayakdih, Marufpur, Parnapur and Mahuar. In honour of Shri Dattatreya and Baba Kalu Ramji he established four Aghori matths (monasteries): Krin Kund in Kashi (Varanasi), in Ramgarh, his native village, in Deval (Gazipur) and Hariharpur (Jaunpur).



Baba Kina Ramji’s life is told in the book Aughar Ram Kina Katha.